Optimal energy management system for distribution systems using simultaneous integration of PV-based DG and DSTATCOM units
Keywords: energy management system (EMS), electrical distribution system (EDS), renewable energy resources (RES), distributed generation (DG), distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM), active power loss level, particle swarm optimization algorithm
AbstractThe energy management system (EMS) of an electrical distribution system (EDS), with the integration of distributed generation (DG) and distribution static compensator (DSTATCOM), provides numerous benefits and significantly differs from the existing EDSs. This paper presents an optimal integration of DG based on photovoltaic (PV) solar panels and DSTATCOM in EDS. A single objective function, based on maximizing the active power loss level (APLL) in EDS, is deployed to find the optimal size and location of photovoltaic DG and DSTATCOM simultaneously in different study cases using various particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithms. These PSO algorithms are the basic PSO, adaptive acceleration coefficients PSO (AAC-PSO), autonomous particles groups for PSO (APG-PSO), nonlinear dynamic acceleration coefficients PSO (NDAC-PSO), sine cosine acceleration coefficients PSO (SCAC-PSO), and time-varying acceleration PSO (TVA-PSO). These algorithms are applied to the standard IEEE 33- and 69-bus EDSs, which are used as test systems to verify the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms. Simulation results prove that the TVA-PSO algorithm exhibits higher capability and efficiency in finding optimum solutions. Comparing the simulation results attained for different study cases leads to the conclusion that DG and DSTATCOM were optimally-allocated simultaneously, which resulted in a significant reduction of power losses and an enhancement of the voltage profile.