Energy-passive residential building design in Amman, Jordan

  • Renad Wael Albadaineh
Keywords: low carbon buildings, passive house design strategies, energy efficiency, thermal simulation, building energy performance, zero energy buildings


In Jordan, the residential sector is responsible for 43% of all power use and 21% of total energy usage. The use of energy for space heating and cooling accounts for more than 60% of residential energy use. The computer-generated residence, a typical one-storey Jordanian home with a functional floor area of 186 m2, is located in Amman and was modelled to be more energy efficient by incorporating renovating techniques to lower heating and cooling demand, attain marginal energy demand, and produce a high-quality indoor living environment. To get at the idea of passive design houses as appropriately depicted in this paper, various passive design tactics and methodologies were employed. Using DesignBuilder simulation software, Revit modelling software, solar energy analysis software, and assessment of the total energy consumption before and after the deployment of passive design approaches, the effects of each retrofit method were evaluated. The results of this study show that the yearly energy savings for heating is about 78%, and the indoor air quality and temperature of the residence can be significantly enhanced compared to its original situation. The total employed energy in the virtual building was scaled down from 56.57 kWh/m2 to 15.25 kWh/m2 each year.