The use of numerical method in an electric grid coupled to a wind farm to compare different kinds of flexible AC transmission systems
The PSAT software was used in this study to analyse and compare the performance of hybrid compensators such as SSSC-STATCOM (controllers), TCSC-SVC (compensators), and UPFC in an electric grid coupled to a wind farm. The flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) technology is used to provide a continual power flow and to provide new ways to control the electric system network. In the FACTS devices, the UPFC (Unified Power Flow Controller) is one of the most adaptable, flexible, and complicated power electric devices. The active and reactive power flows and the local voltage on the bus can be regulated by UPFC; it can also resolve the problem of harmonics. The TCSC (Thyristor-Controlled Series Capacitor) consists as a series-compensating capacitor shunted by a thyristor-controlled reactor. The SVC (Static Var Compensator) is the first shunt generation FACTS controller. We can observe that the UPFC controller has an effective power flow control, shorter setting time and a shorter overshoot. The UPFC obtained a well-known reputation for high controllability in power systems. The multilevel Unified Power Flow Controller can be operated in Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM), in Static Synchronous Series Compensator SSSC and exactly in the UPFC compensator. The results of this research compare the hybrid controllers and investigate the effects of TCSC-SVC, SSSC-STATCOM, and UPFC on voltage, phase angle stability, and the active and reactive power in the tested system. The purpose of this comparison is to improve dynamic voltage regulation, especially when the utilisation of nonlinear loads and the presence of fault and breaker rise. These hybrid controllers have been shown to outperform series or shunt compensators; however, when compared to hybrid compensators SSSC-STATCOM, TCSC-SVC, and UPFC, the results employing the numerical method in the UPFC are more significant. The UPFC is the best hybrid controller in this study, and the compensators SSSC-STATCOM outperform the controllers TCSC-SVC.