Differences and new trends in migration of demographic groups in Lithuania
Keywords: emigration, immigration, demographic groups, average age, neto migration
AbstractThe article investigates various demographic groups and their migration differences, and trends changing in Lithuania. The perspectives of various authors on the ongoing migration in Lithuania are discussed. The research draws attention to the differences in migration trends among men and women. The analysis includes significant components such as emigration and immigration that influence changes in population and demographics. One of the most important priorities of this publication is highlighting of differentiation in migration and its assessment by age groups. As the authors’ conclusions show, attitudes of various age groups towards migration are different and rapidly changing. The research reveals the specific structural changes in emigrants’ and immigrants’ demographic groups. The study shows that socially these groups differ, however, only detailed sociological researches could identify real reasons for such differences. In addition, the article presents the new statistical indicators such as various migration statistical indicators calculated by the authors, which are relevant in demographic analysis. The authors have done the calculations of the average age of emigrants and immigrants, as well as the comparative analysis of these indicators and the assessment by the age of net migration (migration balance).