Phenological growth stages of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.): codification and description according to the BBCH scale
Keywords: BBCH-scale, Cannabis sativa L., dioecious hemp, monoecious hemp, phenological growth stages
AbstractThe current paper discusses the characteristics of principal growth stages of hemp (Canabis sativa), provides a brief description of these stages and of the coding system according to the BBCH scale. The growing season of hemp is divided into nine principal growth stages: germination and sprouting (0), leaf development (1), formation of lateral shoots (2), stem elongation (3), inflorescence emergence (5), flowering (6), development of fruit (7), ripening of fruit (8) and senescence (9). The principal growth stages are subdivided into secondary stages based on their main distinctive features. The classification system of hemp growth stages presented in the paper is designed for hemp growers and researchers, including plant breeders, physiologists, entomologists and other agricultural producers. Using the uniform coding system of the phenological stages of hemp is a valuable tool to ensure a more efficient planning and implementation of crop and soil management practices and techniques.