Formation of metal oxide-based hydroxysodalite by alkali-activation of kaolinite
Keywords: hydroxysodalite, DSC, alkali-activation, kaolinite, metal oxide
AbstractThe formation of metal oxide-based hydroxysodalite by alkali-activation of kaolinite is studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) study and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis. Different metal oxides (CoO, MgO, FeO and SiO2) were used to form the metal oxide-based hydroxysodalite. The transformation from kaolinite into hydroxysodalite is confirmed by XRD. In the thermodynamic study, the maximum peak temperatures for DSC curves at various heating rates were used to determine the activation energy (Ea) of the hydroxysodalite formation. With magnesium oxide and cobalt oxide, the formation process was found to be exothermic while it was endothermic with iron oxide.