Critical Philosophy of Mind: The Transcendental Idealistic Perspective

  • Alexander Muss
Keywords: mind, consciousness, critical philosophy, transcendental idealism, metaphysics


Laboratory of Psychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University, 6 Makarova Embankment, 199034, St. Petersburg Email Modern philosophy of mind, in collaboration with cognitive science, tries to clarify both hard and easy problems of consciousness. The analytical philosophy here provides two opportunities. On the one hand, for cognitive scientists and philosophers of mind, these problems seem to be solved, while, on the other hand, these solutions do not satisfy some other researchers. In this article, the author tries to discuss problems caused by these solutions and argues why the problems of consciousness cannot be solved without a systematic philosophical approach using some findings from the continental philosophy, especially Kantian transcendental philosophy, phenomenology and philosophical anthropology. In combination with findings from science and analytical philosophy, the examined ideas would help researchers to develop more consistent knowledge of mind and consciousness.