On ergodic relaxation time in the three-dimensional Ising model

  • R. Grigalaitis
  • S. Lapinskas
  • J. Banys
  • E. E. Tornau
Keywords: Ising model, classical Monte Carlo simulations, finite size scaling, ergodic relaxation time


We have studied the dynamical decay of the autocorrelation function of the 3D Ising model for different sizes L = 20–52 of spin cluster-cubes. The behaviour of the longest, ergodic relaxation time, τe, of a finite domain below the phase transition temperature Tc was mostly considered for two types of phase transition dynamics. A study of the scaling properties of τe demonstrates a negligible difference between the types of dynamics used, but a considerable difference for different boundary conditions. In contrast to the known result for periodic boundary conditions (τe ~ Lz exp [const(Lєν)2], where z and ν are the dynamical and correlation length exponents, respectively, and є = 1 – T/Tc), the ergodic relaxation time for open boundary conditions is proportional to Lz exp [const(Lєν)2k] with coeffcient k for lattices explored in this work slightly decreasing with L in between 1.65 and 1.58. This result implies that only the lattices of sizes close to or exceeding L = 300 with open boundary conditions might have ergodic relaxation times similar to those with perodic boundary conditions.
Condensed Matter Physics and Technology