On the origin of spatially dependent electronic excited-state dynamics in mixed hybrid perovskite thin films
Keywords: transient absorption microscopy, ultrafast electronic excited-state dynamics, Auger recombination, metal halide perovskites
AbstractThe fundamental photophysics underlying the remarkable performance of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites in optoelectronic device applications has been increasingly studied using complementary spectroscopic techniques. However, the spatially heterogeneous polycrystalline morphology of the solution-processed thin films is often overlooked in conventional ensemble measurements and therefore the reported results are averaged over hundreds or even thousands of nano- and micro-crystalline grains. Here, we apply femtosecond transient absorption microscopy to spatially and temporally probe ultrafast electronic excited-state dynamics in chloride containing mixed lead halide perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3-xClx) thin films. We found that the electronic excited-state relaxation kinetics are extremely sensitive to the spatial location probed, which was manifested by position-dependent transient absorption signal amplitude and decay behaviour, along with an obvious rise component at some positions. The analysis of transient absorption kinetics acquired at several distinct spatial positions enabled us to identify Auger recombination as the dominant mechanism underlying the initial portions of the spatially dependent dynamics with variable rate constants. The different rates observed suggest occurrence of distinct local electronic structures and variable contributions from impurities/defects and phonons in this nonlinear dynamical process.
Dedication to Professor Leonas Valkūnas