Electron mobility dependence on neutron irradiation fluence in heavily irradiated silicon

  • J.V. Vaitkus
  • A. Mekys
  • Š. Vaitekonis
Keywords: irradiation detector, silicon, mobility


An increase of neutron irradiation fluence caused a decrease of Si radiation detector efficiency that was exceptionally well seen at 1017 neutron/cm2 fluence when the observed I–V characteristic of p-n junction under forward bias and under reverse bias became similar. Therefore the investigation of free carrier mobility could be a key experiment to understand the change of heavily irradiated silicon. The electron mobility was investigated by magnetoresistance means in microstrip silicon samples at temperature range T = 200–276 K. The analysis included the free carrier scattering by phonons, ionized impurities, dipoles and clusters and a contribution of each process was found by fitting the mobility dependence on temperature. The analysis of experimental data clearly demonstrated that the applied model did not explain the mobility in the samples irradiated to the highest fluence. Therefore a new concept of carrier transport is needed, and, as a conclusion, it could be stated that Si irradiated above 1016 cm–2 fluence (and up to 1020 cm–2) is a disordered material with the clusters.